Bertillon and Galton. Probabilistic arguments related to the identification of criminals

  • Abstract
    The aim of this paper is to make a historical review on probabilistic arguments, principally provided by Alphonse Bertillon, with the aim of sentencing the Jewish captain Alfred Dreyfus for espionage, as well as the arguments against the sentence given to Henri Poincar´e. Bertillon was the creator of anthropometry as a method of identifying criminals. In contrast to the method developed by Bertillon, Francis Galton was a strong advocate of the method of fingerprint with probabilistic arguments to carry out identifications.
  • Keywords: History of probability; Criminology.
  • AMS Subject classifications:01A55, 01A60, 97A80.